MARQUETRY TECHNIQUE

The word Marquetry comes from the French “marquer” – to mark, draw and indicates a kind of mosaic on wood, in which the mosaic is made from pieces of different wood veneers.
The emergence of marquetry became possible only after the invention of the machine for producing sawn veneer in the second half of the XVI century.

From that time, they began to coat the furniture made from local, cheap kinds of wood with the veneer from imported, valuable kinds of wood (black, red and rose). At the beginning of the XVI century, the marquetry technique appeared in Germany, Holland and France. It was widely used in interior decorating and furniture. But by the XVIII century, the domestic masters of serfs appeared.

Two processes are combined in marquetry: intarsia – the insetting of a particular figure from veneer of different kinds or colors of wood and wrapping into the background — just sticking the whole set on the product’s decorated surface.

The technique of marquetry flourished in the XVIII century. It was widely used in interior decorating and furniture. Using thin veneer plates permitted the decoration of not only flat, but curved surfaces with mosaic sets. Wooden mosaics have high decorative qualities. The warmth of the colors, rich natural patterns, soft tones of the precious wood; it attracts people's attention, offering great aesthetic pleasure.